Bibliography & Citation


If you don’t give credit for your sources you may not get credit for your assignment. Your teacher(s) and/or the school administration may also decide on other disciplinary action.

Most teachers will ask you to use MLA format (9th edition) for your citations:

  • To cite a book:
    • Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Edition if given and is not first edition, Publisher Name, Year of publication.
    • Example:
      • SmithThomasThe Citation Manual for Students: A Quick Guide2nd ed., Wiley, 2020.
  • To cite a website:
    • Author’s Last Name, First Name (if known). “Title of article.” Title of Website, Name of Organization Affiliated with the Website, date of copyright or date last modified/updated if available, URL. Accessed Day Month Year site was visited.
    • Example:
      • “Top 10 Women’s Ice Hockey Players of All Time.” Rookie Road Sports Encyclopedia, Digital Sports Holdings, Aug. 2023, Accessed 14 Jan. 2024.

If you want to use your computer to make citations, try one of these online citation machines:

Scribbr Citation Generator – you can also use this site to check for unintended plagiarism
Easy Bib
Citation Machine

Still not sure why you need to cite your sources? Check out the video below.